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Table of Contents

Civil 3rd semester Syllabus

Sr. No.Book list 2022
2Concrete Technology
3Environmental Studies
4Structural Mechanics
5Building Construction
6Building Drawings
Civil 3rd semester book list 2022
322 Civil 3rd Semester Syllabus Approved By BTEUP



1. Introduction (02 Periods)

  • 1.1 Fluids: Real and ideal fluids
  • 1.2 Fluid Mechanics,Hydrostatics,Hydrodynamics, Hydraulics

2. Properties of Fluids (definition only) (08 Periods)

  • 2.1 Mass density, specific weight, specific gravity, viscosity, surface tension – cohesion, adhesion and, capillarity, vapour pressure and compressibility.Newton’s Law of viscosity, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids, simple numerical problems.

3. Hydrostatic Pressure (12 Periods)

  • 3.1 Pressure, intensity of pressure, pressure head, Pascal’s law and its applications.
  • 3.2 Total pressure, resultant pressure, and centre of pressure.
  • 3.3 Total pressure and centre of pressure on horizontal, vertical and inclined plane surfaces of rectangular, triangular, trapezoidal shapes and circular.
  • (No derivation – Simple Numerical Problems) Pressure on curved surfaces (concept only).

4. Measurement of Pressure (08 Periods)

  • 4.1 Atmospheric pressure, gauge pressure, vacuum pressure and absolute pressure.
  • 4.2 Piezometer, simple manometer and differential manometer, micro manometers, Bourden gauge and dead weight pressure gauge, numerical problems related to manometers.

5. Fundamentals of Fluid Flow (10 Periods)

  • 5.1 Types of Flow: Steady and unsteady flow, laminar and turbulent flow, uniform and non-uniform flow, stream line, stream tubes, streak line and path line.
  •  5.2 Discharge and continuity equation (flow equation) {No derivation}, Simple numerical problems.
  • 5.3 Types of hydraulic energy: Potential energy, kinetic energy, pressure energy
  • 5.4 Bernoulli’s theorem; statement and description (without proof of theorem), Simple numerical problems.

6. Flow Measurements (10 Periods)

 Brief description with simple numerical problems of :

  • 6.1 Venturimeter and orificemeter
  • 6.2 Pitot tube
  • 6.3 Orifices and mouthpieces
  • 6.4 Current meters
  • 6.5 Notches and weirs

7. Flow through Pipes (12 Periods)

  • 7.1 Definition of pipe flow; Reynolds number, laminar and turbulent flow – explained through Reynold’s experiment
  • 7.2 Critical velocity and velocity distributions in a pipe for laminar flow
  • 7.3 Head loss in pipe lines due to friction, sudden expansion and suddencontraction, entrance, exit, obstruction and change of direction (No derivation of formula), Simple numerical problems related to flow through pipes and siphons.
  • 7.4 Hydraulic gradient line and total energy line. Simple numerical problems.
  •  7.5 Pipes in series and parallel
  • 7.6 Water hammer phenomenon and its effects (only definition and description)

8. Flow through open channels (14 Periods)

  •  8.1 Definition of an open channel, uniform flow and non-uniform flow
  •  8.2 Discharge through channels using
  •  i) Chezy’s formula (no derivation)
  • ii) Manning’s formula (no derivation)
  • 8.3 Most economical channel sections (no derivation, only simple numerical problems)
  • i) Rectangular
  • ii) Trapezoidal
  • 8.4 Head loss in open channel due to friction
  • 8.5 Concept of specific energy and specific force- hydraulic jump.

9. Hydraulic Machines (8 Periods)

  • Hydraulic pump, reciprocating pump, centrifugal pumps (No numerical and No derivations), impulse and reaction turbines (may be demonstrated with the help of working models)


  • 1. To verify Bernoulli’s Theorem
  • 2. To find out venturimeter coefficient
  • 3. To determine coefficient of velocity (Cv), Coefficient of discharge (Cd) Coefficient of contraction (Cc) of an orifice and verify the relation between them
  • 4. To perform Reynold’s experiment
  • 5. To verify loss of head in pipe flow due to
  • a. Sudden enlargement
  • b. Sudden contraction
  • c. Sudden bend
  • 6. Demonstration of use of current meter and pitot tube
  • 7. To determine coefficient of discharge of a rectangular notch and triangular notch.



1. Introduction (04 Periods)

  • Definition of concrete, properties of concrete, uses of concrete in comparison to other building materials. Advantages and disadvantages of concrete.

2. Ingredients of Concrete (10 Periods

  • 2.1 Cement: physical properties of cement; different types of cement as per IS Codes
  • 2.2 Aggregates:
  • 2.2.1 Classification of aggregates according to size and shape
  • 2.2.2 Characteristics of aggregates: Particle size and shape, surface texture,
  • specific gravity of aggregate; bulk density, water absorption, surface
  • moisture, bulking of sand, deleterious materials soundness
  • 2.2.3 Grading of aggregates: coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and All-in- –
  • one aggregate; fineness modulus; interpretation of grading charts
  • 2.3 Water: Water Quality requirements as per IS:456-2000

3. Water Cement Ratio (05 Periods)

  • 3.1 Hydration of cement principle of water-cement ratio, Duff Abram’s Water- cement ratio law: Limitations of water-cement ratio law and its effects on strength of concrete

4. Properties of Concrete (12 Periods)

  • 4.1 Properties in plastic state: Workability, Segregation, Bleeding and Harshness
  • 4.1.1 Factors affecting workability, Measurement of workability: slump test, compacting factor and Vee Bee consistometer; Recommended slumps for placement in various conditions as per IS:456-2000/SP-23
  • 4.2 Properties in hardened state: Strength, Durability, Impermeability, Dimensional changes;

5. Concrete Mix Design (12 Periods)

5.1 Objectives and parameters of mix design, introduction to various grades as per IS:456-2000; proportioning for nominal mix design as prescribed by IS 456- 2000

5.2 Adjustment on site for: Bulking of fine aggregate, water absorption of aggregate, workability

 5.3 Difference between nominal and controlled concrete

5.4. Introduction to IS-10262-2009-Code for controlled mix design.

5.5 Mix design problems of concrete for desired mix strength or grade.

6. Introduction to Admixtures (chemicals and minerals) for improving performance of concrete (06 Periods)

7. Special Concretes (only features) (12 Periods)

  • 7.1 Concreting under special conditions, difficulties and precautions before, during and after concreting
    •  7.1.1 Cold weather concreting
    • 7.1.2 Under water concreting
    • 7.1.3 Hot weather concreting
  • 7.2 Ready mix concrete
  • 7.3 Fibre reinforced concrete
  • 7.4 Polymer Concrete
  • 7.5 Fly ash concrete
  • 7.6 Silica fume concrete
  • 7.7 Self compacting concrete

8. Concreting Operations (20 Periods)

  •  **8.1 Storing of Cement
  •  8.1.1 Storing of cement in a warehouse
  •  8.1.2 Storing of cement at site
  •  8.1.3 Effect of storage on strength of cement
  •  8.1.4 Determination of warehouse capacity for storage of Cement
  •  **8.2 Storing of Aggregate: Storing of aggregate at site
  •  8.3 Batching (to be shown during site visit)
  •  8.3.1 Batching of Cement
  •  8.3.2 Batching of aggregate by:
  • Volume, using gauge box (farma) selection of proper gauge
  • box
  • Weight spring balances and batching machines
  •  8.3.3 Measurement of water
  •  ** 8.4 Mixing
  •  8.4.1 Hand mixing
  •  8.4.2 Machine mixing – types of mixers, capacities of mixers, choosing
  • appropriate size of mixers, operation of mixers
  • 8.4.3 Maintenance and care of mixers
  • 8.4.4 Batching and mixing plants
  • **8.5 Transportation of concrete: Transportation of concrete using: wheel barrows,
  • transit mixers, chutes, belt conveyors, Dumpers and trucks, tremie, mono rail
  • system, pumps, tower crane and hoists.
  •  8.6 Placement of concrete
  • Type of form works and scaffoldings, Checking of form work, shuttering and
  • precautions to be taken during placement
  •  ** 8.7 Compaction
  • 8.7.1 Hand compaction
  •  8.7.2 Machine compaction – types of vibrators, internal screed vibrators and
  • form vibrators
  •  8.7.3 Selection of suitable vibrators for different situations
  • 8.8 Finishing concrete slabs – screeding, floating and trowelling
  •  8.9 Curing
  • 8.9.1 Objective of curing, methods of curing like ponding, membrane curing,
  • steam curing, chemical curing
  • 8.9.2 Duration for curing and removal of form work
  • 8.10 Jointing: Location of construction joints, treatment of construction joints,
  • expansion joints in buildings – their importance and location
  • 8.11 Defects in concrete: Identification of defects and methods of removing defects

9. Importance and methods of non-destructive tests (introduction only) (03 Period)

 9.1. Rebound Hammer Test

 9.2. Pulse Velocity method

NOTE: ** A field visit may be planned to explain and show the relevant things


1. Introduction (04 Periods)

  • 1.1 Basics of ecology, eco system- concept, and sustainable development, Resources renewable and non renewable.

2. Air Pollution (04 Periods)

  • 2.1 Source of air pollution. Effect of air pollution on human health, economy, plant, animals. Air pollution control methods.

3. Water Pollution (08 Periods)

  • 3.1 Impurities in water, Cause of water pollution, Source of water pollution. Effect of water pollution on human health, Concept of dissolved O2, BOD, COD. Prevention of water pollution- Water treatment processes, Sewage treatment. Water quality standard.

4. Soil Pollution (06 Periods)

  • 4.1 Sources of soil pollution
  • 4.2 Types of Solid waste- House hold, Hospital, From Agriculture, Biomedical, Animal and human, excreta, sediments and E-waste
  • 4.3 Effect of Solid waste
  • 4.4 Disposal of Solid Waste- Solid Waste Management

5. Noise pollution (06 Periods)

  • Source of noise pollution, Unit of noise, Effect of noise pollution, Acceptable noise level, Different method of minimize noise pollution.

6. Environmental Legislation (08 Periods)

  • Introduction to Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974, Introduction to Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981 and Environmental Protection Act 1986, Role and Function of State Pollution Control Board and National Green Tribunal (NGT), Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).

7. Impact of Energy Usage on Environment (06 Periods)

  • Global Warming, Green House Effect, Depletion of Ozone Layer, Acid Rain. Eco-friendly Material, Recycling of Material, Concept of Green Buildings.




1. Properties of Materials (06 Periods)

1.1 Classification of materials, elastic materials, plastic materials, ductile materials, brittle materials.

1.2 Introduction to tensile test, compressive test, impact test, fatigue test, torsion test on metals.

2. Simple Stresses and Strains (20 Periods)

2.1 Concept of stress, normal and shear stresses,

2.2 Concept of strain and deformation, longitudinal and transverse strain, poisson’s ratio, volumetric strain

2.3 Hooke’s law, modulii of elasticity and rigidity, Bulk modulus of elasticity, relationship between the elastic constants.

2.4 Stresses and strains in bars subjected to tension and compression. Extension of uniform bar under its own weight, stress produced in compound and tapering bars due to axial load.

2.5 Stress-strain diagram for mild steel and HYSD steel, proof stress, mechanical properties, factor of safety.

2.6 Temperature stresses and strains

3. Shear Force and Bending Moment (20 Periods)

3.1 Concept of a beam and supports (Hinges, Roller and Fixed), types of beams:

simply supported, cantilever, propped, over hang, fixed and continuous beams (only concept).

3.2 Types of loads (dead load, live load, snow load, wind load seismic load as per IS Codes etc) and types of loading (point, uniformly distributed and uniformly varying loads)

3.3 Concept of bending moment and shear force, sign conventions

3.4 Bending Moment and shear force diagrams for cantilever, simply supported and overhanging beams subjected to concentrated, uniformly distributed and varying loads

3.5 Relationship between load, shear force and bending moment, point of maximum bending moment, and point of contraflexure.

3.6 Fixed and continuous beams-simple numerical problems.

4. Moment of Inertia (04 Periods)

Concept of moment of inertia and second moment of area and radius of gyration, theorems of parallel and perpendicular axis, second moment of area of common geometrical sections: rectangle, triangle, circle (without derivations). Second moment of area for L, T and I sections, section modulus.

5. Bending Stresses in Beams (08 Periods)

 5.1 Concept of pure/simple bending

5.2 Assumptions made in the theory of simple bending, derivation and application of bending equation to circular cross-section, I section, T&L sections only

5.3 Moment of resistance

5.4 Calculations of bending stresses

6. Shear Stresses in Beams (06 Periods)

6.1 Concept of shear stresses in beams, shear stress distribution in rectangular,

circular I, T, L sections for beams.

7. Slope and Deflection (08 Periods)

Determination of slope and deflection using Moment Area Theorem for simply supported beam for pointed load and U.D.L, Conjugate beam method and double integration method. (no derivation, numerical problems only)

8. Columns (04 Periods)

8.1 Theory of columns- long and short columns, slenderness ratio

8.2 Problem solving using Euler’s and Rankine formula

9. Analysis of Trusses (08 Periods)

9.1 Concept of a perfect, redundant and deficient frames

9.2 Assumptions and analysis of trusses by:

a) Method of joints

b) Method of sections



1. Introduction (03 Periods)

 1.1 Definition of a building, classification of buildings based on occupancy

 1.2 Different parts of a building

2. Foundations (08 periods)

  •  2.1 Concept of foundation and its purpose
  •  2.2 Types of foundation-shallow and deep
  • 2.2.1 Shallow foundation – constructional details of: Spread foundations for walls, min. depth criteria, thumb rules for depth and width of foundation and thickness of concrete block, stepped foundation for masonry pillars and concrete columns, Raft foundation, combined footing grillage foundation.
  • 2.2.2 Introduction to deep foundation and their types
  • 2.3 Earthwork
  • 2.3.1 Layout/setting out for surface excavation, cutting and filling
  • 2.3.2 Excavation of foundation, trenches, shoring, timbering and de- watering

3. Walls (08 periods)

  • 3.1 Purpose of walls
  • 3.2 Classification of walls – load bearing, non-load bearing, dwarf wall, retaining, breast walls and partition walls
  • 3.3 Classification of walls as per materials of construction: brick, stone, reinforced brick, reinforced concrete, precast, hollow and solid concrete block and composite masonry walls
  • 3.4 Partition walls: Constructional details, suitability and uses of brick and wooden partition walls
  • 3.5 Scaffolding, construction details and suitability of mason’s brick layers and tubular scaffolding, shoring, underpinning

4. Masonry ( 08 periods )

  • 4.1 Brick Masonry: Definition of terms like header, stretcher, queen closer, king closer, frog and quoin, course, bond, facing, backing, hearting, jambs, reveals, soffit, plinth, pillars and pilasters
  • 4.1.1 Bond – meaning and necessity; English, flemish bond and other types
  • of bonds
  • 4.1.2 Construction of brick walls –methods of laying bricks in walls, precautions observed in the construction of walls, methods of bonding new brick work with old (toothing, raking, back and block bonding), Expansion and contraction joints
  • 4.1.3 Mortars: types, selection of mortar and its preparation
  • 4.2 Stone Masonry
  • 4.2.1 Glossary of terms – natural bed, bedding planes, string course, corbel, cornice, block in course grouting, moulding, templates, corner stone, bond stone, throating, through stone, parapet, coping, pilasters and buttress
  • 4.2.2 Types of stone masonry: rubble masonry – random and coursed; Ashlar masonry, principles to be observed in construction of stone masonry walls

5. Arches and Lintels (06 periods)

  •  5.1 Meaning and use of arches and lintels:
  • 5.2 Glossary of terms used in arches and lintels – abutment, pier, arch ring, intrados, soffit, extrados, voussoirs, springer, springing line, crown, key stone, skew back, span, rise, depth of an arch, haunch, spandril, jambs, bearing, thickness of lintel, effective span
  •  5.3 Arches:
  • 5.3.1 Types of Arches – Semi circular, segmental, elliptical and parabolic, flat, inverted and relieving
  •  5.3.2 Stone arches and their construction
  •  5.3.3 Brick arches and their construction
  • 5.4 Lintels
  • 5.4.1 Purpose of lintel
  • 5.4.2 Materials used for lintels
  • 5.4.3 Cast-in-situ and pre-cast lintels
  • 5.4.4 Lintel along with sun-shade or chhajja

**6. Doors, Windows and Ventilators ( 06 periods)

  •  6.1 Glossary of terms with neat sketches
  • 6.2 Classification based on materials i.e. wood, metal and plastic and their suitability for different situations. Different type of doors- panel door, flush door, glazed door, rolling shutter, steel door, sliding door, plastic and aluminium doors
  • 6.3 Window – Panel window, glazed windows (fixed and openable) ventilators,sky light window, Louveres shutters, plastic and aluminium windows.
  • 6.4 Door and window frames – materials and sections, fixtures and fasteners, hold fasts

*7. Damp Proofing and Water Proofing ( 06 periods )

  • 7.1 Dampness and its ill effects on bricks, plaster, wooden fixtures, metal fixtures and reinforcement, damage to aesthetic appearance, damage to heat insulating materials, damage to stored articles and health
  • 7.2 Sources of dampness – moisture penetrating the building from outside e.g. rainwater, surface water, ground moisture. Moisture entrapped during construction i.e. moisture in concrete, masonry construction and plastering
  • work etc. Moisture which originates in the building itself i.e. water in kitchen and bathrooms etc.
  • 7.3 Damp proofing materials and their specifications: rich concrete and mortar, bitumen, bitumen mastic, polymer coating, use of chemicals
  • 7.4. Damp proofing of basement, Ground floors, plinth and walls, water storage tank, kitchen, W.C., roof.
  • 7.5 Plinth protection and aprons

8. Floors (05 periods)

  • 8.1 Glossary of terms-floor finish, topping, under layer, base course, rubble filling and their purpose
  •  8.2 Types of floor finishes – concrete flooring, ceramic tile flooring, stone (marble and kota) flooring. Wooden flooring
  •  8.3 Special emphasis on level/slope/reverse slope in bathrooms, toilets, kitchen, balcony and staircase.

9. Roofs (06 periods)

  • 9.1 Types of roofs, concept of flat, pitched and arched roofs
  • 9.2 Glossary of terms for pitched roofs – batten, eaves, facia board, gable, hip, lap, purlin, rafter, rag bolt, valley, ridge, rain water gutter, anchoring bolts
  • 9.3 False ceilings using gypsum, plaster boards, cellotex, fibre boards
  • 9.4 Roof drainage
  • 9.5 Roof treatment-brick Koba

10. Stairs (06 periods)

  • 10.1 Glossary of terms: Staircase, winders, landing, stringer, newel, baluster, riser, tread, width of staircase, hand-rail, nosing
  • 10.2 Classification of staircase on the basis of material – RCC, timber, steel, Aluminium
  • 10.3 Planning and layout of staircase: Relations between rise and tread, determination of width of stair, landing etc
  • 10.4 Various types of layout – straight flight, dog legged, open well, quarter turn, half turn (newel and geometrical stairs), bifurcated stair, spiral stair

11. Surface Finishes (08 periods)

  • 11.1 Plastering – classification according to use and finishes like plain plaster, grit finish, rough cast, pebble dashed, concrete and stone cladding etc., dubbing, proportion of mortars used for different plasters, techniques of plastering and curing
  • 11.2 Pointing – different types of pointing and their methods
  • 11.3 Painting – preparation of surface, primer coat and application of paints on wooden, steel and plastered wall surfaces
  • 11.4 Application of white washing, colour washing and distempering, polishing, application of cement and plastic paints
  • 11.5 Selection of appropriate paints/finishes for interior and exterior surfaces
  • 11.6 Importance of preparation of surfaces such as hacking, grooving etc before application of surface finishes

12. Anti Termite Measures as per IS 6313-I-III (03 periods)

  • 12.1 Anti Termite Treatment to Foundation, Masonary, RCC, Floors, Junction of walls and Floors.
  • 12.2 Treatment to wooden joinery
  • 12.3 Treatment to existing building

13. Green Buildings (08 Periods)

Importance, components: Site, Rain water harvesting/water efficiency, energy efficiency, material efficiency Indoor air quality design and innovation rating system.

14. National Building code and IS code orientation of building (03 Periods)

Note * An expert may be invited from field/industry for extension lecture

  A field visit may be planned to explain and show the relevant things




Drawing No. 1 (2 sheets)

Details of spread footing foundations for a load bearing and non-load bearing wall for given thickness of walls with the help of given data or rule of the thumb, showing offsets, position of DPC. The details of the concrete and brick apron have to be shown in the drawing.

Drawing No. 2 (one sheet)

Plans of ‘T’ and Corner junction of walls of 1 Brick, 1-1/2 Brick and 2 brick thick in English bond

Drawing No. 3 (one sheet)

Drawing plan, elevation of arches: circular arch, segmental arch (one sheet)

Drawing No. 4 (3 sheets)

Elevation, sectional plan and sectional side elevation of flush door, fully glazed door, fully panelled door with wire gauge shutter. Partly panelled and partly glazed door.


Drawing No. 5 (2 sheet)

Drawing plan, elevation of a small building by measurement and foundation detail and sectional elevation.

Drawing No. 6 (4 sheets)

Drawing detailed working plan, elevation and section of a residential building from a given line plan or given data showing details of foundations, roof and parapet

Drawing No. 7 (one sheet)

  • Drawings of following floors Cement concrete floors at ground level and at first floor level.
    • i) Brick floors:
    • a) Diagonal Bond
  • b) Herring Bone Bond
  • ii) Bonded cement concrete flooring/ Marble flooring/ Terrazzo flooring
  • iii) Ceramic/vitrified tile flooring

Drawing No. 8 (one sheet)

Drawing of flat roof, showing the heat/thermal insulation provisions.


Drawing No. 9 (one sheet)

Drawing details of damp proofing arrangement of roofs and walls as per BIS Code. Show the rain water drainage arrangement also.

Drawing No 10

Drawing Damp Proofing details in basement of buildings.


  • a) All drawings should be as per BIS code and specifications in SI Units
  • b) Intensive practice of reading and interpreting building drawings should be given
  • c) Some practice should be done to prepare drawings on AutoCAD.


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